Extreme Light Infrastructure-Italy

International Project ELI (Extreme Light Infrastructure)

The Extreme Light Infrastructure (ELI)Project, included in the ESFRI roadmap since 2006, envisages the realization of a distributed infrastructure based on three sites located in Eastern Europe (Romania, Czech Republic, Hungary). ELI Preparatory Phase has been funded by the European Union with the support by 40 research institutions stemming from 13 countries. In 2009, the Steering Committee issued a mandate to Romania, Czech Republic and Hungary to jointly implement the ELI Project through the construction of an infrastructure distributed on 3 seats (pillars):

  1. ELI – Nuclear Physics (ELI-NP) in Magurele (Romania);
  2. ELI-Beamlines in Prague (Czech Republic);
  3. ELI – Attosecond Light Pulse Source (ELI-ALPS) in Szeged (Hungary).

The construction of the three pillars is entirely funded by EU structural funds. The beginning of operation of the infrastructure was originally planned in the second half of 2017. “Friendly” user operation is expected to start in 2019.

“ELI-ITALY” is part of the Italian Network On Extreme Light Infrastructure

CNR and INFN actively contributed to ELI Preparatory Phase. In 2012, INFN, CNR and Elettra Sincrotrone Trieste submitted to the Italian Ministry of Education, University and Research a long term joint research proposal to be implemented through a coordinated commitment of the scientists from the three institutions with the objective to develop  know-how for a perspective expert use of the facilities by the National community and contribute to the realization of the three pillars.

ELI-Italy at ILIL

The activity at the Intense Laser Irradiation Laboratory Focuses On High Energy Particle Generation  via Laser-Plasma Acceleration and Applications to Life Sciences. This is carried out through  experimental studies on several aspects of LPA, including Laser-Plasma wave excitation schemes, internal Injection mechanisms, Laser-target Interaction For X-ray Generation and Ion Acceleration, Compact Schemes for X-and gamma-ray Generation. As part of the ELI-Italy project, the ILIL laboratory has implemented an enhancement of the laser infrastructure, called ILIL-PW, which includes an upgrade of the ultra-high-power  laser up to 240 TW and a new high-intensity experimental target area, equipped with radiological shielding, with remote control and long short  focusing configurations.

Recent ILIL publications on the project

[1] Leonida A. Gizzi, Luca Labate, Federica Baffigi, Fernando Brandi, Giancarlo Bussolino,Lorenzo Fulgentini, Petra Köster, and Daniele Palla
Overview and specifications of laser and target areas at theIntense Laser Irradiation Laboratory
High Power Laser Sci. and Eng. 9, e10 (2021); https://doi.org/10.1017/hpl.2020.47

[2] Luca Labate, Daniele Palla, Daniele Panetta, Federico Avella, Federica Baffigi, Fernando Brandi, Fabio Di Martino, Lorenzo Fulgentini, Antonio Giulietti, Petra Köster, Davide Terzani, Paolo Tomassini, Claudio Traino, Leonida A Gizzi
Toward an effective use of laser-driven very high energy electrons for radiotherapy: Feasibility assessment of multi-field and intensity modulation irradiation schemes
Scientific Reports 10, 17307 (2020); https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-74256-w

[3] G. Cristoforetti, F. Baffigi, F. Brandi, G. D’Arrigo, A. Fazzi, L. Fulgentini, D. Giove, P. Koester, L. Labate, G. Maero, D. Palla, M. Romé, R. Russo, D. Terzani, P. Tomassini, and L. A. Gizzi
Laser-driven proton acceleration viaexcitation of surface plasmon polaritonsinto TiO2nanotube array targets
Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion 62, 114001 (2020); https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6587/abb5e3

[4] L. A. Gizzi, G. Cristoforetti, F. Baffigi, F. Brandi, G. D’Arrigo, A. Fazzi, L. Fulgentini, D. Giove, P. Koester, L. Labate, G. Maero, D. Palla, M. Romé, M. Russo, D. Terzani, and P. Tomassini
Intense proton acceleration in ultrarelativistic interaction with nanochannels
Phys. Rev. Research 2, 033451 (2020); https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevResearch.2.033451

[5] F. Brandi, L. Labate, D. Rapagnani, R. Buompane, A. di Leva, L. Gialanella & L. A. Gizzi
Optical and spectroscopic study of a supersonic flowing helium plasma: energy transport in the afterglow
Sci. Rep. 10, 5087 (2020); https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-61988-y

[6] Colin N.Danson, Constantin Haefner, Jake Bromage, Thomas Butcher, Jean-Christophe F. Chanteloup, Enam A. Chowdhury, Almantas Galvanauskas, Leonida A. Gizzi,Joachim Hein, David I. Hillier, Nicholas W.Hopps, Yoshiaki Kato, Efim A.Khazanov, Ryosuke Kodama, Georg Korn, Ruxin Li, Yutong Li, Jens Limpert, Jingui Ma, Chang HeeNam, David Neely, Dimitrios Papadopoulos, Rory R.Penman1, LiejiaQian,Jorge J.Rocca, Andrey A.Shaykin, Craig W. Siders, Christopher Spindloe, Sandor Szatmari,Raoul M. G. M.Trines, JianqiangZhu, PingZhu, and Jonathan D.Zuegel
Petawatt and exawatt class lasers worldwide
High Power Laser Sci. and Eng. 7, e54 (2019); https://doi.org/10.1017/hpl.2019.36

[7] Daniele Panetta, Luca Labate, Lucia Billeci, Nicole Di Lascio, Giuseppina Esposito, Francesco Faita, Giovanni Mettivier, Daniele Palla, Luciano Pandola, Pietro Pisciotta, Giorgio Russo, Antonio Sarno, Paolo Tomassini, Piero A. Salvadori, Leonida A. Gizzi and Paolo Russo
Numerical simulation of novel concept 4D cardiac microtomography for small rodents based on all-optical Thomson scattering X-ray sources
Sci. Rep. 9, 8439 (2019); https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-44779-y

[8] Guido Toci, Leonida A. Gizzi, Petra Koester, Federica Baffigi, Lorenzo Fulgentini, Luca Labate, Alice Hospodkova, Vitezslav Jary, Martin Nikl, Matteo Vannini
InGaN/GaN multiple quantum well for superfast scintillation application: Photoluminescence measurements of the picosecond rise time and excitation density effect
Journal of Luminescence 208, 119  (2019); https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jlumin.2018.12.034

[9] L.A. Gizzi, F. Baffigi, F. Brandia, G. Bussolino, G. Cristoforetti, A. Fazzi, L. Fulgentini, D. Giove, P. Koester, L. Labate,b, G. Maero, D. Palla, M. Romé, P. Tomassini
Light Ion Accelerating Line (L3IA): Test experiment at ILIL-PW
Nuclear Inst. and Methods in Physics Research A 909 , 160 (2018); https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nima.2018.03.016

[10] Leonida Antonio Gizzi, Dario Giove, Carmen Altana, Fernando Brandi, Pablo Cirrone, Gabriele Cristoforetti, Alberto Fazzi, Paolo Ferrara, Lorenzo Fulgentini, Petra Koester, Luca Labate, Gaetano Lanzalone, Pasquale Londrillo, David Mascali, Annamaria Muoio, Daniele Palla, Francesco Schillaci, Stefano Sinigardi, Salvatore Tudisco, Giorgio Turchetti
A New Line for Laser-Driven Light Ions Acceleration and Related TNSA Studies
Appl. Sci. 2017, 7(10), 984; http://doi.org/10.3390/app7100984

[11] G. Cristoforetti, P. Londrillo, P. K. Singh, F. Baffigi, G. D’Arrigo, Amit D. Lad, R. G. Milazzo, A. Adak, M. Shaikh, D. Sarkar, G. Chatterjee, J. Jha, M. Krishnamurthy, G. R. Kumar & L. A. Gizzi
Transition from Coherent to Stochastic electron heating in ultrashort relativistic laser interaction with structured targets
Scientific Reports, 1479, 7 (2017); http://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-01677-5