Nonlocal effects in the self-consistent nonlinear 3D propagation of an ultrastrong, femtosecond laser pulse in plasmas

Nonlocal effects in the self-consistent nonlinear 3D propagation of an ultrastrong, femtosecond laser pulse in plasmas
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D. Jovanovic, R. Fedele, F. Tanjia, S. De Nicola, L.A. Gizzi

Eur. Phys. J. D 66, 328 (2012)

Abstract

A theoretical investigation of the interaction of an ultra-strong and ultra-short laser pulse with unmagnetized plasma is carried out and applied to the specifications of the Ti:Sa Frascati Laser for Acceleration and Multidisciplinary Experiments (FLAME). The analysis is based on the Lorentz-Maxwell fluid model in the fully relativistic regime taking the pancake approximation. The mathematical model yields Zakharov-like equations, which gives a satisfactory description of a wide range of laser-plasma acceleration configurations. It is shown that the pancake structure is unstable in two dimensions (2D) but the collapse occurs over a distance much longer than the typical active plasma length.

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